PUBLICATIONS
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Disclaimer:
The articles provided on this website as pdfs were published by journals and in edited volumes and thus copyrighted to them. These links are intended to facilitate the accepted practice that authors are allowed to distribute copies of their articles to interested parties for personal use. No commercial use may be made of the articles nor is mass production of the articles permitted.

Edited Book

Bartels, D. M., Bauman, C. W., Skitka, L. J., & Medin, D. L. (2009). Moral judgment and decision making. The psychology of learning and motivation: Advances in research and theory. Amsterdam: Elsevier. <link>

Publications

Mueller, A. B., & Skitka, L. J. (in press). Moral courage and moral disengagement: Different sides of the same coin? In L. S. Newman (Ed.), Why are they doing this to us? The social psychology of genocide and extreme intergroup violence. Oxford University Press.

Skitka, L. J., Wisneski, D. C., & Brandt, M. J. (in press). Attitude moralization: Probably not intuitive or rooted in perceptions of harm.
Current Directions in Psychological Science. <pdf>

Frimer, J. A., Skitka, L.J., & Motyl, M. (2017). Liberals and conservatives are similarly motivated to remain ignorant of one another’s opinions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 72, 1 - 12. <pdf>

Liberman, P. & Skitka, L. J. (2017). Revenge in U.S. public support for the war against Iraq.
Public Opinion Quarterly. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/poq/nfx005 <pdf>

Motyl, M., Demos, A. P., Carsel, T. S., Hanson, B. E., Melton, Z. J., Mueller, A., Prims, J.P., Sun, J., Washburn, A. N., Wong, K., Yantis, C., & Skitka, L. J. (2017). Rotten to the core, not so bad, getting better, or getting worse? The state of social and personality science. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 113, 34 – 58. <pdf>

Mueller, A., & Skitka, L. J. (2017). Liars, damned liars, and zealots: The effect of moral mandates on transgressive advocacy acceptance. Social Psychological and Personality Science. DOI: 198559617720272 <pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Hanson, B. E., & Wisneski, D.C. (2017). Utopian hopes or dystopian fears? Understanding the motivational underpinnings of morally motivated political engagement. Personality and Social Psychological Bulletin, 43,177 – 190. <pdf>

Wisneski, D. C. & Skitka, L. J. (2017). Moralization through moral shock: Exploring emotional antecedents to moral conviction. Personality and Social Psychological Bulletin, 43, 139 - 150. <pdf> <Supplemental Materials>

Ståhl, T., Zaal, M. P., & Skitka, L. J. (2016). Moralized rationality: Relying on logic and evidence in the formation and evaluation of belief can be seen as a moral issue. PlosONE. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Washburn, A. (2016). Are conservatives from Mars and liberals from Venus? Maybe not so much. In P. Valdesolo & J. Graham (Eds.), Bridging ideological divides.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Bauman, C. W., & Mullen, E. (2016). Morality and justice. In C. Sabbagh and M. Sch
mitt (Eds.), Handbook of Social Justice Theory and Research (pp. 407 - 423). Springer Press. <pdf>

Brandt, M. J., Wisneski, D. C., & Skitka, L. J. (2015). Moralization and the 2012 presidential election campaign. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 3, 211 – 237. <pdf>

Hofmann, W., Wisneski, D. C., Brandt, M. J., & Skitka, L. J. (2015). Two questions, two answers: Response to comment on “Morality in Everyday Life.” Science, 348(6236),767.

Skitka, L. J., Morgan, G. S., & Wisneski, D. C. (2015). Political orientation and moral conviction: A conservative advantage or an equal opportunity motivator of political engagement? In J. Forgas, W. Crano, & K. Fiedler (Eds.) Social psychology and politics. New York: Psychology Press. <pdf>

Washburn, A. N., Morgan, G. S., & Skitka, L. J. (2015). A checklist to facilitate objective hypothesis testing. Brain and Behavioral Sciences. <pdf>

Hofmann, W., Wisneski, D. C., Brandt, M. J., & Skitka, L. J. (2014). Morality in everyday life. Science, 345, 1340 – 1343.<pdf> (Note: You need to scroll down the page to the reference and link there; copyright only allows public sharing of this article on one author’s website)

Gollwitzer, M., Skitka, L, J., Wisneski, D., Sjöström, A., Liberman, P., Nazi, S. J., & Bushman, B. J. (2014). Vicarious revenge and the death of Osama bin Laden. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. DOI: 10.1177/0146167214521466 <pdf>

Morgan, G. C., Skitka, L. J. & Wisneski, D. C. (2014). Contextualizing political ideology: Commentary on Hibbing, Smith, and Alford. Brain and Behavioral Sciences, 37, 321-322. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J. (2014). The psychological foundations of moral conviction. In J. Wright & H. Sarkissian (Eds.), Advances in Moral Psychology, Bloomsbury Academic Press (pp. 148 - 166), New York, NY. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J. & Morgan, G. S. (2014). The social and political implications of moral conviction. In H. Lavine (Ed.), Advances in Political Psychology, 35, 95 – 110 <pdf>

Washburn, A. & Skitka, L. J. (2014). Motivated and displaced revenge: Remembering 9/11 suppresses opposition to military intervention in Syria (for some). Analyses of Social and Public Policy. <pdf>

Reifen Tagar, M., Morgan, G. S., Skitka, L., & Halperin, E. (2013). When ideology matters: Moral conviction and the association between ideology an policy preferences in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. European Journal of Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.1993. <pdf>

Sargis, E. G., Skitka, L. J., & McKeever, W. (2013). The Internet as psychological laboratory revisited: Best practices, challenges, and solutions. In Y. Amichai-Hamburger (Ed.) The social net: The social psychology of the Internet (2nd Ed., pp. 253 - 270). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.<pdf>

Aramovich, N.P., Lytle, B.L. & Skitka, L.J. (2012). Opposing torture: Moral conviction and resistance to majority influence, Social Influence, 1, 21 - 34. <pdf>

Bauman, C. W., & Skitka, L. J. (2012). Corporate social responsibility as a source of employee satisfaction.
Research in Organizational Behavior, 32, 63 - 86. <pdf>

Bauman, C. W., Wisneski, D. C., & Skitka, L. J. (2012). Cubist consequentialism: The pros and cons of an agent-patient template for morality. Psychological Inquiry, 23, 129 - 133. <pdf>

Morgan, G. S., & Skitka, L. J. (2012). Moral conviction. In D. J. Christie (Ed.),
Encyclopedia of peace psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 660 – 664). West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J. (2012). Multifaceted problems: Liberal bias and the need for scientific rigor in self-critical research.
Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7, 508-511. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J. (2012). Cross-disciplinary conversations: A social psychological perspective on justice research with non-human animals. Social Justice Research. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J. (2012). Moral convictions and moral courage:
Common denominators of good and evil. In M. Mikulincer & P. Shaver (Eds.), Social psychology of morality: Exploring the causes of good and evil( (pp. 349-365). Washington DC: American Psychological Association. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Liu, J., Yang, Y., Chen, H., Liu, L. & Xu, L. (2012). Exploring the cross-cultural generalizability and scope of morally motivated intolerance. Social Psychological and Personality and Science.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J. & Wisneski, D. (2012). Justice theory and research: A social functionalist perspective. In J. Suls & H. Tennen (Eds.), The Handbook of Psychology 2nd Ed. (pp. 407 - 428). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.<pdf>

Morgan, G. S., Wisneski, D. C., & Skitka, L. J. (2011). The expulsion from Disneyland: The social psychological impact of 9/11. American Psychologist, 66, 447 - 454.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J. & Wisneski, D. C. (2011). Moral conviction and emotion. Emotion Review, 3, 328 - 330.<pdf>

Bauman, C. W. & Skitka, L. J. (2010). Making attributions for behaviors:The prevalence of correspondence bias in the general population. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 32, 269 – 277.<pdf>

Morgan, G. S., Mullen, E., & Skitka, L. J. (2010). When values and attributions collide: Liberals' and conservatives' values motivate attributions for alleged misdeeds. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 1241 – 1254.<pdf>

Morgan, G. S., Skitka, L. J., & Wisneski, D. (2010). Moral and religious convictions and intentions to vote in the 2008 Presidential election.
Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 10, 307 – 320.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J. (2010). The psychology of moral conviction. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 4, 267 - 281.<pdf>

Bauman, C. W., & Skitka, L. J. (2009). In the mind of the perceiver: Psychological implications of moral conviction. In D. Bartels, C. W. Bauman, L. J. Skitka, & D. Medin (Eds.) Moral judgment and decision making. Psychology of learning and motivation (pp. 341-364). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. <pdf>

Bauman, C. W., & Skitka, L. J. (2009). Moral disagreement and procedural justice: Moral mandates as constraints to voice effects. Australian Journal of Psychology, 61, 40 – 49.<pdf>

Crandall, C. S., Eidelman, S., Skitka, L. J., & Morgan, G. S. (2009). Status quo framing increases support for torture. Social Influence, 4, 1 – 10.<pdf>

Mullen, E., & Skitka, L. J. (2009). Comparing Americans’ and Ukrainians’ allocations of public assistance: The role of affective reactions in helping behavior. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 40, 301 – 318.<pdf>

Perry, S. P., & Skitka, L. J. (2009). Making lemonade? Defensive coping style moderates the effect of stereotype threat on women's math test performance. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 918 – 920.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J. (2009). Exploring the “lost and found” of justice theory and research. Social Justice Research, 22, 98 –116.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Aramovich, N., Lytle, B. L., & Sargis, E. (2009). Knitting together an elephant: An integrative approach to understanding the psychology of justice reasoning. In D. R. Bobocel, A. C. Kay, M. P. Zanna, & J. M. Olson (Eds.), The psychology of justice and legitimacy: The Ontario symposium, Vol. 11 (pp. 1 – 26). Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Bauman, C. W., & Lytle, B. L. (2009). The limits of legitimacy: Moral and religious convictions as constraints on deference to authority.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 567 - 578. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Morgan, G. S. (2009). The double-edged sword of a moral state of mind. In D. Narvaez & D. K. Lapsley (Eds.), Moral self, identity, and character: Prospects for new field of study (pp. 355 – 374), Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. [Winner of the 2009 annual book award given by the Moral Development and Education Special Interest Group of the American Educational Research Association].<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Saunders, B., Morgan, G. S., & Wisneski, D. (2009). Dark clouds and silver linings: Socio-psychological responses to September 11, 2001. In M. Morgan (Ed.),
The day that changed everything? Looking at the impact of 9-11, Vol. 3 (pp. 63 – 80). New York: Palgrave MacMillan. <pdf>

Wisneski, D. C., Lytle, B. L. & Skitka, L. J. (2009). Gut reactions: Moral conviction, religiosity, and trust in authority.
Psychological Science, 20, 1059 - 1063. <pdf>

Conway, A. R. A., Skitka, L. J., Hemmerich, J. A., & Kershaw, T. C. (2008). Flashbulb memory for September 11, 2001
. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23, 605 – 623.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Bauman, C. W. (2008). Moral conviction and political engagement. Political Psychology, 29, 29 – 54.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Bauman, C. W. (2008). Is morality always an organizational good? A review of morality in the context of organizational justice theory and research. In S. W. Gilliland, D. D. Steiner, & D. P. Skarlicki (Eds.), Justice, morality, and social responsibility: Research in social issues in management, Vol. 6 (pp. 1 - 28). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Bauman, C. W., & Lytle, B. L. (2008). Morality as a foundation of leadership and a constraint on deference to authority. In D. Forsyth & C. Hoyt (Eds.),
Social psychology and leadership (pp. 300-315). Westport, CN: Praeger Press. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Bauman, C. W., & Mullen, E. (2008). Morality and justice: An expanded theoretical perspective and review. In K. A. Hedgvedt & J. Clay-Warner (Eds.),
Advances in group processes, Vol. 25 (pp. 1 – 27). Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Mullen, E. (2008). Moral convictions often override concerns about procedural fairness: A reply to Napier and Tyler. Social Justice Research, 21, 529-546.<pdf>

Bauman, C. W., & Skitka, L. J. (2006). Ethnic group differences in lay philosophies of behavior in the United States. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 37, 438 – 445.<pdf>

Fischer, R., & Skitka, L. J. (2006). Justice: Social psychological perspectives. In A. J. W. Taylor & T. Taylor (Eds.)
Justice as a basic need (pp. 85 – 93). Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge, NY.

Mullen, E., & Skitka, L. J. (2006). Exploring the psychological underpinnings of the moral mandate effect: Motivated reasoning, identification, or affect?
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 629 - 643.<pdf>

Mullen, E., & Skitka, L. J. (2006). When outcomes prompt criticism of procedures: An archival analysis of the Rodney King case. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 6, 1 – 14.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Bauman, C. W., Aramovich, N. P., & Morgan, G. C. (2006). Confrontational and preventative policy responses to terrorism: Anger wants a fight and fear wants "them" to go away.
Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 28, 375 - 384.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Sargis, E. G. (2006). The Internet as psychological laboratory.
Annual Review of Psychology, 57, 529 - 555.<pdf>

Cardeña, E., Dennis, M. J., Winkel, M., & Skitka, L. J. (2005). A snapshot of terror: Acute posttraumatic responses to the September 11 attack. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 6, 69 – 84.

Skitka, L. J., (2005). Patriotism or nationalism? Understanding post-September 11, 2001 flag display behavior.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35, 1995 - 2011.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Bauman, C. W., & Sargis, E. G. (2005). Moral conviction: Another contributor to attitude strength or something more? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 895 – 917.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Bravo, J. (2005)
. An accessible identity approach to understanding fairness in organizational settings. In K. van den Bos, D. Steiner, D. Skarlicki & S. Gilliland (Eds.) What motivates fairness in organizations? (pp. 105-128). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Sargis, E. G. (2005). Social psychological research and the Internet: The promise and the peril of a new methodological frontier. In Y. Amichai-Hamburger (Ed.) The social net: The social psychology of the Internet (pp. 1 – 26). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Skitka, L. J., Bauman, C. W., & Mullen, E. (2004). Political tolerance and coming to psychological closure following September 11, 2001: An integrative approach. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 743 – 756.<pdf>

Mullen, E., Bauman, C. W., & Skitka, L. J. (2003). Avoiding the pitfalls of politicized psychology. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 3, 171-176.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Winquist, J. & Hutchinson, S. (2003). Are outcome fairness and outcome favorability distinguishable psychological constructs? A meta-analytic review. Social Justice Research, 16, 309 – 341.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J. (2003). Of different minds: An accessible identity model of justice reasoning. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 286 – 297.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Crosby, F. (2003). Trends in the social psychological study of justice. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 282 - 285. [Reprinted in K. G. Duffy (Ed.), (2004) Annual Editions: Social Psychology 05/06, 6th Edition, New York, McGraw-Hill <pdf>

Skitka, L. J. (2002). Do the means always justify the ends or do the ends sometimes justify the means? A value protection model of justice reasoning.
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 588 - 597. <pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Mullen, E. (2002). Psychological determinants of public opinion. In V. Ottati (Ed.) The social psychology of politics (pp. 107-134). New York: NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press.

Skitka, L. J., & Mullen, E. (2002). Understanding judgments of fairness in a real-world political context: A test of the value protection model of justice reasoning. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 1419-1429.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Mullen, E. (2002). The dark side of moral conviction.
Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 2, 35-41.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Mullen, E., Griffin, T., Hutchinson, S., & Chamberlin, B. (2002). Dispositions, ideological scripts, or motivated correction? Understanding ideological differences in attributions for social problems.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 470-487.<pdf>

Thomas, S., Skitka, L. J., Christen, S., & Jurgena, M. (2002). Social facilitation and impression formation.
Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 24, 67-70.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Houston, D. (2001). When due process is of no consequence: Moral mandates and presumed defendant guilt or innocence. Social Justice Research, 14, 305-326. [Reprinted in T. Tyler (Ed.) (2005), The International Library of Essays in Law and Society: Procedural Justice II (pp. 525 – 533), Surrey, UK: Ashgate]<pdf>

Mosier, K. L. & Skitka, L. J., Dunbar, M., & McDonnell, L. (2001). Air crews and automation bias: The advantages of teamwork? International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 11, 1-14.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Mosier, K. L., & Burdick, M. (2000). Accountability and automation bias.
International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 52, 701 - 717.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Mosier, K. L., Burdick, M., & Rosenblatt, B. (2000). Automation bias and errors: Are crews better than individuals? International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 10, 85-97.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J. (1999). Ideological and attributional boundaries on public compassion: Reactions to individuals and communities affected by a natural disaster.
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 793-792.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., Mosier, K. L., & Burdick, M. (1999). Does automation bias decision-making? International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 51, 991-1006. <pdf>

Mosier, K. L., Skitka, L. J., Heers, S., & Burdick, M. D. (1998). Automation bias: Decision making and performance in high-tech cockpits. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 8, 47-63. <pdf>

Mosier, K. L., Skitka, L. J., Heers, S., & Burdick, M. (1997). Patterns in the use of cockpit automation. In M. Mouloua & J. Koonce (Eds.), Human-automation interaction: Research and practice (pp. 167-173). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc., Inc

Skitka, L. J., & Robideau, R. L. (1997). Judging a book by its cover: The effects of candidate party label and issue stands on voting behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27, 967 - 982. <pdf>

Heaven, P., Searight, H. R., Chastain, J. & Skitka, L. J. (1996). The relationship between perceived family health and personality functioning among Australian adolescents.
The American Journal of Family Therapy, 24 358-366. <pdf>

Mosier, K., & Skitka, L. J. (1996). Human decision makers and automated decision aids: Made for each other? In R. Parasuraman & M. Mouloua (Eds.), Automation and human performance: Theory and applications (pp. 201-220). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Skitka, L. J., & Frazier, M. (1995). Ameliorating the effects of parental divorce: Do small group interventions work? Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 24, 159-179.

Mosier, K. & Skitka, L. J. (1995). Automation and accountability. In N. McDonald, N. Johnston, & R. Fuller (Eds.), Applications of psychology to the aviation system. England: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

Manley, C. M., Wood, P. K., Searight, H. R., Skitka, L. J., & Russo, J. R. (1994). A latent variable model of the Family-of-Origin scale for adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 23, 99-117. <pdf>

Manley, C., Searight, H. R., Skitka, L. J. & Russo, J. R. (1993). The Family-of-Origin scale with adolescents: Preliminary norms. Social Behavior and Personality, 21, 17-24. <pdf>

Mosier, K. L., Skitka, L. J. & Korte, K. J. (1994). Cognitive and social psychological issues in flight crew/automation interaction. In M. Mouloua, & R. Parasuraman (Eds.),
Human performance in automated systems: Current research and trends. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (pp. 191-197). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Piatt, A. L., Ketterson, T., Searight, H. R., Skitka, L. J., Russo, J. R., & Rogers, B. J. (1993). The relationship of psychological adjustment to perceived family functioning among African-American adolescents. Adolescence, 28, 673-684.

Skitka, L. J., Stephens, L. J., Angelou, I. N., & McMurray, P. J. (1993). Willingness to provide post-war aid to Iraq and Kuwait: A one-year follow-up.
Contemporary Social Psychology, 17, 33-37.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Tetlock, P. E. (1993). Of ants and grasshoppers: The political psychology of allocating public assistance. In B. Mellers, & J. Baron (Eds.) Psychological perspectives in justice (pp. 205-233). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Skitka, L. J., & Tetlock, P. E. (1993). Providing public assistance: Cognitive and motivational processes underlying liberal and conservative policy preferences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1205 - 1223.<pdf>

Skitka, L. J., & Tetlock, P. E. (1992). Allocating scarce resources: A contingency model of distributive justice. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 28, 491-522.<pdf>

Schudy, K. L., Searight, H. R., Russo, J. R., Manley, C. M., Capps, S. C., & Skitka, L. J. (1992). The Family-of-Origin scale for young adolescents: Reliability and preliminary norms. Family Therapy, 19, 123-130.

Skitka, L. J., McMurray, P. J. & Burroughs, T. E. (1991). Willingness to provide post-war aid to Iraq and Kuwait: An application of the contingency model of distributive justice.
Contemporary Social Psychology, 15, 179-188. <pdf>

Manley, C. M., Searight, H. R., Skitka, L. J., Russo, J. R., Schudy, K. L. (1991). The reliability of the Family-of-Origin scale for adolescents.
Adolescence, 26, 89-96.

Skitka, L. J., & Maslach, C. (1990). Gender roles and the categorization of gender as a cognitive schema.
Sex Roles, 22, 133-150. <pdf>

Manley, C. M., Searight, H. R., Skitka, L. J., & Schudy, K. L. (1990). The reliability of the Family-Of-Origin scale for adolescents.
Family Therapy, 27, 273-280.

Tetlock, P. E., Skitka, L. J., & Boettger, R. (1989). Social and cognitive strategies for coping with accountability: Conformity, complexity and bolstering.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 632-640.

Zedeck, S., Maslach, C., Mosier, K., & Skitka, L. J. (1989). Affective response to work and family life: Employee and spouse perspectives. In E. Goldsmith (Ed.) Work and family: Theory, research, and applications. NJ: Sage Publications. [Reprinted in Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 3, 135-158]. <pdf>